The City of Melbourne is located on east central Florida’s Space Coast. Melbourne is about an hour’s drive south of the Kennedy Space Center, and 1-1/2 hours due east of Disney World. The City is in the southern portion of Brevard County. Interstate-95 runs through the county from north-to-south. Access roads from the west include the Beachline Expressway (formerly the Beeline) and U.S. 192, which runs through Melbourne to the beaches.
While most of Melbourne is located on the Florida mainland, a small portion is located on a barrier island. The Indian River Lagoon separates the mainland from the island. Spanning the Indian River Lagoon to connect the mainland to the barrier island are a pair of four-lane, high-rise bridges — the Melbourne Causeway and the Eau Gallie Causeway.
Nearby incorporated communities include Palm Bay, West Melbourne, Indialantic, Melbourne Beach, Indian Harbour Beach, and Satellite Beach. Viera and Suntree, unincorporated communities, are also nearby.
The contemporary City of Melbourne is the result of a merger of the separate communities of Melbourne and Eau Gallie, both dating to the 1880’s. An election allowed the consolidation under a common charter on July 15, 1969.
Today, the City is approximately 41 square miles in size, with about 75% of that land in use. The City of Melbourne population estimate was 77,101 as of April 1, 2012, according to the University of Florida Bureau of Economic and Business Research. The population of Melbourne continues to grow at a modest rate. Melbourne is located at the center of a much larger urban area.
Municipal government is responsible for providing vital services to City residents. In addition, drinking water services are provided to customers in a regional area that includes several other municipalities. To accomplish its mission, the City organization includes more than 800 employees. The City Code and Comprehensive Plan are available online, as is the Geographic Information System.
Local Government Local Government: Melbourne’s charter provides for a Council-Manager form of government. Elected to office are a Mayor and six Council members. Although Council members are elected from districts, all of the elected officials are selected by city-wide vote. They serve four-year terms.
Melbourne is home to some of the most beautiful beach and ocean scenery in the state and within 30 minutes of Port Canaveral and Cape Caveral’s Kennedy Space Center.